Chronic pain syndrome

Chronic pain syndrome
Written by Sukarna

What is Chronic Pain Syndrome?

Pain is a normal response of our body after an injury or, illness. It is natural for a certain period of time. And that is easily curable with medical help, and painkiller medicines. But chronic pain syndrome(CPS)  is different from normal pain. It lasts for more than 3 to 6 months,The intensity of the pain gradually increases, therefore creates more complications for both physiological and psychological level.

Chronic pain syndrome generates in a vicious cycle, that means a single pain causes pain. It makes any original pain worse.

Different Cause of Chronic Pain Syndrome

There are different reason behind Chronic pain, It can affect any part of your body. CPS begins with some trauma, accidental injury or some disease and conditions.

That may include:

  • Joint pain, different types of arthritis ( Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoporosis, bone injury)
  • Excessive mental stress and headache.
  • Fibromyalgia, cause muscle pain
  • Acidity, ulcer, digestive problems. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD),
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Cartilage injury
  • Repetitive Stress Injuries
  • Damage of nerve (neurogenic pain), and muscle tissue near any of your joint area.
  • Advanced level Cancer
  • Endometriosis
  • Surgical trauma
  • Temporomandibular joint dysfunction

Apart from these, Chronic pain arises due to miscommunication of the brain and our nervous system. CPS can alter neuron behavior, making them more reactive or sensitive to pain messages.

Our body consists of different nerves and glands. These subtle organs manage our stress; control our tension and anxiety. If they do not work properly you will feel mentally tired, and depressed. And chronic pain syndrome is also the consequence of poor mental health.

Some common type of Chronic pain

  1.  Headache, Lower back pain
  2. Arthritis pain, neurological pain
  3. Psychogenic pain
  4. Post-surgical, post-trauma pain

Common Symptoms of CPS

There are some common symptoms of CPS. Let’s discuss below.

  • Poor mental health,
  •  Stress, anxiety,
  • nervousness
  • Always feel tired, feeling of deprivation
  • Lack of sleep or quality of sleep is very poor
  • Lack of will power, fatigue, inactiveness.
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Lack of interest in sex
  • Addition of drug and alcohol to escape the reality

And medical science proved that any kind of stress amplifies your pain. As apart from trauma, injury, and disease, CPS is more connected to your nerve. If your nerve is weak you are more prone to CPS.

How to handle your chronic pain (completely edited)

Over the counter (OTC) medications

Mostly used OTC medicines are Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Aspirin, Ibuprofen, naproxen. They are very common pain relief medicines. NSAIDs alleviate inflammations and swelling. Generally, doctors use a combination of NSAID medicine with Acetaminophen to reduce moderate level pain. But long term use of NSAIDs causes severe side effects. Talk to your doctor before using them for Chronic pain purpose. The doctor recommends some topical ointments for external uses.

Also read, Manage your depression without medication

Prescribed medicines for Chronic pain

Severe chronic pain can’t be alleviated by the over the counter medicines So that the American Chronic pain association discover some specific medicines, those are more effective to reduce chronic pain.

  • Opioid medicines ( Hydrocodones, morphine, and Codeine, Oxycodone)
  • NonOponid medicines (NSAIDs, and  Aspirin)
  • Anticonvulsant, and  Antidepressant medicines, that reduce depressant, anxiety. and reduce pain.

Trigger point injections

This is another aspect of treatment. different tender area of muscle tissues is known as trigger points. Trigger point injection use especially for people, suffering from chronic pelvic pain, fibromyalgia, myofascial pain).

Apart from these treatments, your orthopedic surgeon may use TENS or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulations to block pain signals and encourage endorphin secretion.

Biofeedback techniques

This technique of pain management works by evaluating heart rate, body temperature, brain activity, and muscle tension.

Alternative medicines and Lifestyle change to handle Chronic pain


Apart from oral medicines, and injection, chronic pain can be managed by  Alternative therapies like,

  • Physiotherapy
  • Cognitive therapy
  • Behavioral therapy
  • relaxation techniques
  • Acupuncture treatment, and occupational therapy

Apart from these techniques doctor advised doing regular exercise, and yoga to strengthen your muscle. Meditation, yoga, massage are the best relaxation techniques to Handel mild to moderate level pain.



About the author


Hi! I am a passionate reader, educator, enthusiastic learner. Web Content creator by profession, freelancer. Believe in smart work rather than hard work. Creative person in nature, belonging from a medical biotechnology background, interested in bio and technology both.


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